Warmer Mediterranean countries, +1.4 C and more extreme events

Warmer Mediterranean countries, +1.4 C and more extreme events

Over the next few years heating to + 25% compared to world average. 


The Mediterranean countries in the last century have warmed up more than the rest of the world (+1.4 degrees versus +1 degree): this has increased heat waves and storms and has made them more devastating. And in the coming years, the warming of the Mediterranean area will be 25% higher than the global one, in particular with a summer warming 40% higher than the average. This is supported by an international research conducted by various universities in the area (Marseille, Barcelona, ​​Salento, Nicosia, Haifa, Rabat) and published in the journal Nature Climate Change.
The average temperatures in the Mediterranean countries, according to the study, went up by "1.4 degrees compared to the levels at the end of the 19th century" (ie the pre-industrial levels). More than the world ones, which have grown 1 degree. "Heatwaves now occur more frequently - research continues - and the frequency and intensity of droughts has increased since 1950. In each of the most recent decades, the surface of the Mediterranean Sea has heated by about 0.4 degrees. the last two decades, the sea level has risen by about 3 centimeters per decade ". "The future warming of the Mediterranean region is expected to exceed global rates by 25% - the researchers still write - in particular with a summer warming 40% higher than the global average". For the study "a global increase in atmospheric temperature of 2 degrees would probably be accompanied by a reduction in summer precipitation of about 10-15% in the South of France, north-west Spain and the Balkans, and up to 30% in Turkey and Portugal". Warming in the Mediterranean is higher than in the rest of the world for a number of reasons combined: "The region is in a transition zone between the atmospheric circulation regimes of the mid-latitudes and the subtropical belt and is characterized by a complex morphology of mountain ranges and strong land-sea contrasts, a dense and growing human population, and various environmental pressures ".

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